Od kada je samostalno zavladao Franačkom nakon sumnjive smrti svoga brata Karlomana 771. godine, Karlo se pokazao vrlo sposobnim vladarom koji ima jasnu viziju i ciljeve. Nije mu trebalo dugo da se upusti u pomno planirane vojne pohode. Već iduće godine započeo je dugotrajno pokoravanje Sasa, nakon čega je na papin poziv poveo svoje trupe u Italiju protiv Langobarda. Ratovao je protiv mnogih naroda po cijeloj Europi, poput Avara, Sasa, muslimana u Španjolskoj, Slavena, Normana, a sukobio se i s Bizantom te bavarskim vojvodom Tasilonom. Razvio je kvalitetan i brojan činovnički aparat koji mu je omogućio upravljanje tako velikim carstvom koje je stvorio. Svaki se vojni pohod pomno planirao, ništa nije prepušteno slučaju, a često se činilo kako je i sreća na njegovoj strani. Bio je branitelj kršćanstva i širitelj vjere, usko je suraĎivao s crkvom i papama, baš poput njegova oca. Pa ipak, nastojao je voditi glavnu riječ u tom odnosu. Shvatio je vaţnost naobrazbe te je poticao pismenost, graditeljstvo i obrazovanje. Vrhunac njegove vladavine, tridesetak godina po preuzimanju vlasti, bila je njegova krunidba 800. godine u Rimu. U posljednjem desetljeću njegove vladavine njegovo je carstvo obuhvaćalo glavne dijelove juţne i zapadne Europe. Njegovi nasljednici nisu bili jednako spretni, a ni moćni. Mogli bismo reći da je Karlo Veliki pravi simbol srednjega vijeka.
|Abstract (english)|| |
From the moment he independently began to rule over Frankish Kingdom right after the suspicious death of his brother Carloman in 771., Charles showed as a very capable ruler with clear vision and goals. It did not take long before he started planning his military campaigns, and he did it very thoroughly. Next year Charles began the long term subjugation of Saxons and soon after that he answered the pope’s call and led his troops to Italy to fight Lombards. Charles waged war against many nations all over Europe, such as Avars, aforementioned Saxons and Lombards, muslims in Spain, Slavs, Normans, he even fought Byzantine and the duke of Bavaria, Tassilo. He developed a high quality and numerous clerical apparatus which made ruling such a huge empire he managed to build possible. Each military campaign was carefully prepared, nothing was adrift and very often it seemed that the luck is on his side. He was the defender of Christianity and propagator of faith, he collaborated with catholic church and popes very closely, just like his father. Despite that, he was trying to be the one who’s in charge in that relationship. He realized how important education is, therefore he encouraged literacy, construction and schooling. We could easily point out his coronation in 800 at Rome as the pinnacle of his rule. In the last decade of his rule his empire included major parts of Southern and Western Europe. His heirs were not equally dexterous nor powerful. We could say that Charles was the true symbol of Middle Ages.