undergraduate thesis
Biodiversity of the nature park Učka

Morena Lušičić (2015)
University of Pula
Faculty of Educational Sciences
Metadata
TitleBioraznolikost parka prirode Učka
AuthorMorena Lušičić
Mentor(s)Mauro Štifanić (thesis advisor)
Emina Pustijanac (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Parkom prirode Učka je proglašena Uredbom Vlade Republike Hrvatske u travnju 1999. Godine, na temelju Zakona o zaštiti prirode. Prostire se na površini od 160 km² i obuhvaća istoimenu planinu i dio područja Ćićarije te nekoliko teritorijalnih jedinica u Istarskoj i Primorsko – goranskoj županiji. Pronađeno je nekoliko spilja koje svjedoče o dugoj povjesti, te mnogi arheološki nalazi. Pronađeni su spomenici kulturne baštine koji potječu iz razdoblja prapovijesti kao što su pećinski objekti, naselja na otvorenom i visinska naselja ili gradine. Po svojoj bujnoj vegetaciji Učka se razlikuje od ostalih planina primorskog kraja. Obalni pojas prekiriva mediteranska vegetacija dok su niži dijelovi planine prekriveni šumom koja ljeti nudi ugodnu svježinu. Od iznimnog značaja je vršni greben parka zbog svog specifičnog geološkog postanka te rijetkih i endemičnih biljaka i životinja. Posebno se ističu stoljetne šume pitomog kestena maruna, bukove šume te razne vrste ljekovitog bilja i plodova. Na istočnoj strani, pod vršnim dijelovima Učke nalazi se pojas livada koje se ističu neobičnom šarolikošću raznih biljaka. Učka je jedino mjesto na svijetu na kojem raste endemični Učkarski zvončić, te jedno od rijetkih lokaliteta na kojem se može vidjeti bjeloglavog supa ili surog orla. Od životinjskog svijeta treba spomenuti krškog puha, divlju svinju, divokozu, srnu, medvjeda, surog orla, sovu ušaru, sivog sokola, vrtnu strnadicu, planinskog ćuka, velebitsku guštericu, planinskog daždevnjaka, crnookog apolona, podzemnog kornjaša filtratora te mnoge vrste šišmiša. Park prirode Učka osim prekrasne prirode i veličanstvenih vidika nudi i brojne sadržaje za sport i rekreaciju.
Parallel title (English)Biodiversity of the nature park Učka
Committee MembersIva Blažević (committee member)
Mauro Štifanić (committee member)
Emina Pustijanac (committee member)
Ines Kovačić (committee member)
GranterUniversity of Pula
Lower level organizational unitsFaculty of Educational Sciences
PlacePula
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineNATURAL SCIENCES
Biology
General Biology
Study programme typeprofessional
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmePreschool Education
Academic title abbreviationbacc. praesc. educ
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2015-05-25
Parallel abstract (English)
Učka was declared as a Nature Park by the Law of the Government of Republic of Croatia in June,1999., based on the Law on Nature Protection. It spreads on the surface of 160 square kilometers. It consists of the mountain Učka, part of the area of Ćićarije and a few teritorial units in Istrian County and County of Primorje and Gorski Kotar. Several caves and many archeological findings give us evidence about its long history. There have been found many cultural heritages from the prehistoric time, like cave objects, settlements in the open and altitude resorts or gradine. Nature Park Učka is a botanical garden where you will find endemic species. Meditarenian vegetation covers its coastal area, while the lower parts of the mountain are covered in woods which gives fresh air during hot summer period. The most significant part of the Park is its reef because of its rare geological origin and endemic flora and fauna. Cultivated chestnuts called marun, beech forest and divergent species of herbs stand out among the others. Učka is the only place in the world where you can find endemic Učka bellflover or see griffon vulture and golden eagle. Significant animal species are: karst dormouse, wild hog, chamois, roe-deer, bear, eagle owl, peregrine falcon, boreal owl, Velebit lizard, mountain salamander, underground beetle and many species of bats. Nature Park Učka, beside its gorgeous nature and magnificant sightseeings, offers planty sport and recreational contents.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)bioraznolikost Park prirode Učka geomorfološka obilježja biološke značajke
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:137:284566
CommitterAleksandar Ćatić