undergraduate thesis
Pacific battlefield (1941-1945)

Valentina Lovaković (2016)
University of Pula
Faculty of Philosophy
Metadata
TitlePacifičko bojište (1941.1945.)
AuthorValentina Lovaković
Mentor(s)Igor Duda (thesis advisor)
Iva Milovan Delić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Iznenadni napad od strane Japana 7. prosinca 1941. godine uveo je Sjedinjene Američke Države u Drugi svjetski rat. Cijeli Pacifik i jugoistočna Azija postali su novo ratno bojište. Napad na Havaje trebao je onemogućiti Amerikancima uplitanje u japanska osvajanja. Američka industrija je bila razvijenija nego japanska, ali su Japanci planirali završiti rat prije nego što se Amerikanci oporave. Japanci su svojim detaljnim planom nastavili osvajanja prema jugu, te su u pola godine uspjeli zauzeti Filipine, Indoneziju, Malajske otoke. Tamo su se domogli sirovina važnih za vođenje rata, a kasnije su zauzeli i središnji dio Pacifika. Sve do vrata Australije, gdje su bili zaustavljeni. Amerikanci su se već sredinom 1942. godine uspjeli oduprijeti Japancima, upornim dovođenjem pojačanja, ratnih sredstava i drugim brodovima. Na Pacifiku su ratovale male vojske, ali velike flote. Mjesecima i godinama su se odvijale bitke, gdje su Amerikanci počeli dobivati prevlast. Amerikanci su htjeli natjerati Japance u bezuvjetnu kapitulaciju, ali nisu uspjeli. Sve do 1945. godine kada su Amerikanci bacili dvije atomske bombe na japanske gradove Hirošimu i Nagasaki. Atomska bomba proizvela je psihički i fizički udar, dovoljan da se Japanci odluče na bezuvjetnu kapitulaciju i predaju. Kapitulacija je potpisana 2. rujna 1945. godine, a to je ujedno značilo završetak Drugog svjetskog rata.
KeywordsWorld War II American - Japanese relationship Pearl Harbor Midway Iwo Jima Okinawa the Pacific War Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bomb the capitulation of Japan
Parallel title (English)Pacific battlefield (1941-1945)
Committee MembersNevio Šetić (committee chairperson)
Igor Duda (committee member)
Iva Milovan Delić (committee member)
Mihovil Dabo (committee member)
GranterUniversity of Pula
Lower level organizational unitsFaculty of Philosophy
PlacePula
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineHUMANISTIC SCIENCES
History
Croatian and World Modern and Contemporary History
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeHistory
Academic title abbreviationuniv.bacc.hist.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-14
Parallel abstract (English)
The USA was brought into World War II after they had been suddenly attacked by Japan on December 7, 1941. The entire Pacific and southeast Asia became a new battleground. The attack on Hawaii was supposed to prevent the Americans from interfering with the Japanese conquest. Although the American industry was more developed than the Japanese, the Japanese planned to conclude the War before the Americans could get a chance to recover. The Japanese pursued their detailed plan and continued their conquests towards the South, and they managed to occupy the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaya. They were successful in getting hold of important raw materials needed for waging a war, and later they occupied also the central part of the Pacific. They came all the way to Australia where they were stopped. In the mid-1942, the Americans succeeded to resist the Japanese by persistently bringing reinforcements, war funding and other ships. The Pacific was a battlefield for small armies, but also for big fleets. Battles had been taking place for months and years, and the Americans started to gain predominance. They wanted to force the Japanese to an unconditional surrender, but they failed. That was the case all the way up to the 1945, when the Americans dropped two atomic bombs on Japanese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The atomic bomb induced a mental and physical attack which was enough for the Japanese to decide to sign the unconditional capitulation and surrender. The act of surrender was signed on September 2, 1945, which also meant the end of World War II.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)Drugi svjetski rat Američko – Japanski odnos Pearl Harbor Midway Iwo Jima Okinawa rat na Pacifiku Hirošima i Nagasaki atomske bombe kapitulacija Japana
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:137:277549
CommitterIvana Gradinščak