undergraduate thesis
Cultural and historical heritage of Medulin

Sabina Mihaljević (2016)
University of Pula
Department of Interdisciplinary, Italian and Cultural Studies
Metadata
TitleKulturno-povijesno nasljeđe Medulina
AuthorSabina Mihaljević
Mentor(s)Slaven Bertoša (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Medulin je naselje smješteno na jugu istarskog poluotoka koje je nastalo tijekom 16. i 17. stoljeća. Na tom području se nekad nalazilo mjesto Mutila kojeg su naseljavali Histri. Nakon razaranja tog mjesta, počeli su se doseljavati Rimljani koji su iskoristili prirodne resurse gradeći vile kao proizvodne centre i ljetnikovce na poluotoku Vižuli. Na ovom važnom arheološkom lokalitetu danas postoje rimski ostaci od kojih je najvažnija nekadašnja velika i luksuzna rimska vila. Pored poluotoka otkrivena je postrana carska nekropola u kojoj je otkriveno više od 300 grobova. Medulin ima bogatu kulturnu baštinu od koje se ističu crkve te stare vjetrenjače. Najveća crkva je župna crkva sv. Agneze sa svoja dva zvonika koja se nalazi na brežuljku. Crkva Majke Božje od Zdravlja izgrađena je u romaničkom razdoblju te se ističe s ostacima fresaka. Ostale crkve su crkva sv. Foške, sv. Antuna Padovanskog, Svetog Križa te crkva sv. Petra apostola. Također, postojalo je nekoliko crkava unutar povijesne jezgre te izvan naselja kojih više nema. Zbog plodne zemlje te obilja žitarica, većina stanovništva u Medulinu se bavila poljoprivredom. Kako ne bi morali voziti žitarice za mljevenje u druga naselja, izgrađeni su prvi mlinovi-vjetrenjače koje danas čine kulturno-povijesnu atrakciju Medulina. Važno mjesto u očuvanju kulturnog nasljeđa te identiteta ima narodna nošnja. Obuhvaća cjelokupnu odjevnu opremu poput odjeće, obuće, nakita te ima važnu zaštitnu i komunikacijsku ulogu u društvu. U Medulinu se turizam počeo razvijati već koncem 19. stoljeća, te se njegov razvoj može podijeliti u četiri osnovne faze. Početak turizma u Medulinu mogao bi se označiti preporukom Turističkog vodiča za Pulu i okolicu za izlete u Medulin. Medulin je počeo razvijati vlastitu ponudu koja se temeljila na obali i moru. U razdoblju između dva rata bila je teška gospodarska situacija te je razvoj turizma stao. Nakon Drugog svjetskog rata osnovano je Turističko društvo koje je omogućilo Medulinu da širi i razvija svoju ponudu te poveća kapacitete. Osnovano poduzeće Medulinska rivijera je započelo gradnju tri hotela, otvoreni su brojni ugostiteljski objekti, izgrađene su obiteljske kuće sa sobama za najam te je time Medulin zaokružio svoj turistički izgled.
KeywordsMedulin Istra Cultural Heritage
Parallel title (English)Cultural and historical heritage of Medulin
Committee MembersJasmina Gržinić (committee chairperson)
Slaven Bertoša (committee member)
Aljoša Vitasović (committee member)
GranterUniversity of Pula
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of Interdisciplinary, Italian and Cultural Studies
PlacePula
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineHUMANISTIC SCIENCES
History
Early Croatian and World History
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeCulture and Tourism
Academic title abbreviationuniv. bacc. turism. cult.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-05
Parallel abstract (English)
Medulin is a village located in the south of the Istrian peninsula, founded during the 16th and 17th centuries. In that area was a place called Mutila previously inhabited by the Histri. After the destruction of Mutila, Romans started to settle and they took the advantage of the natural resources by building villas as production centres and summer houses on the peninsula of Vižula. There are Roman remains on this important archaeological site today, the most important being the former large and luxurious Roman villa. A lateral imperial necropolis was discovered nearby with more than 300 graves. Medulin has a rich cultural heritage, of which the church and the old windmills stand out. The largest church is the Parish Church of St Agnes with its two bell towers located on a hill. The Church of Our Lady of Health was built in the Romanesque period and stands out with its remains of frescoes. Other churches are the Church of St Fosca, St Anthony of Padua, the Holy Cross and the Church of St Peter the Apostle. There were also several churches in the historic centre and outside the village that are gone now. The majority of the population in Medulin were farmers due to fertile soil and abundance of grain. To avoid driving to other settlements to grind their grain they built the first windmills that now make up the cultural and historical attraction of Medulin. The national costume has an important role in the preservation of cultural heritage and identity. It consists of a complete outfit and includes clothing, shoes and jewelry, so it plays an important protective and communication role for the society. Tourism in Medulin has been developing since the end of the 19th century and its development can be divided into four main phases. The beginnings of tourism in Medulin could be connoted by the recommendation found in the Tourist guide of Pula and its surroundings to make excursions to Medulin. Its own tourism offer that was based on the coast and the sea started to be developed. The growth of tourism stopped in the period between the two wars due to a difficult economic situation. After the Second World War the Tourist Association was established and enabled Medulin to expand and develop its portfolio and increase capacities. The newly founded Medulin Riviera enterprise started constructing three hotels, opened numerous restaurants, built family houses with rooms to rent, thereby Medulin’s tourist appearance was rounded off.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)Medulin Istra kulturno nasljeđe
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:137:800210
CommitterVanessa Toić