undergraduate thesis
Social dimension in F. M. Dostojevsky and Vjenceslav Novak

Andrea Vučković (2016)
University of Pula
Faculty of Philosophy
Metadata
TitleSocijalna dimenzija u djelima F. M. Dostojevskog i V. Novaka
AuthorAndrea Vučković
Mentor(s)Igor Grbić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
U ovom radu prikazana je socijalna dimenzija u djelima ruskog realističkog pisca Fjodora Mihajloviča Dostojevskog i hrvatskog realističkog pisca Vjenceslava Novaka. Pojam realizma koristi se za književnost koja svjesno i namjerno pokušava opisati stvarnost, što će reći da nastoji opisati ljude, prirodu i događaje na takav način da se čitatelju čini kako to odgovara u svakidašnjem životu. Likovi su socijano, fizički i psihološki portretirani, a uz njih opisuju se i ambijenti koji proširuju znanje o liku. U svome svaralaštvu ovi pisci su prikazali sve slojeve društva, ali najčešće su se bavili onim najnižim i najsiromašnijim. Dostojevski svoje likove smješta u tmurnu Petrogradsku sredinu gdje njihov život nema budućnosti jer je ona završila i prije nego je i započela. Novakovi su likovi smješteni u mali grad, u Senj, i u zagrebačku periferiju gdje za njegove siromahe nema nikakve perspektive. Djela koja su analizirana jesu romani Fjodora Mihajloviča Dostojevskog Zločin i Kazna, Kockar, Poniženi i uvrijeđeni i Bijedni ljudi, roman Vjenceslava Novaka Posljednji Stipančići te njegova pripovjetka Iz velegradskog podzemlja. Sam početak rada govori o razdoblju realizma i o životima pisaca, a zatim slijedi opis likova i prostora u kojem su smješteni. Na vješt način obojica prikazuju probleme radničkog sloja u osamnaestom i devetnastom stoljeću te nam time donose problematiku siromaštva, predrasude o njima, ali i problem alkohola i kockanja koji kao pokušaj izlaza iz stvarnoga života donose još veće probleme u romanu. Njihova djela pisana su na sličan način, ali razlike su vidljive. Novak je u odnosu na Dostojevskog dosta konzervativniji i stroži što je prikazano i u analizi.
KeywordsFyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky Vjenceslav Novak poverty wealth education alcoholism gambling women oppression
Parallel title (English)Social dimension in F. M. Dostojevsky and Vjenceslav Novak
Committee MembersMarko Ljubešić (committee chairperson)
Igor Grbić (committee member)
Matija Jelača (committee member)
GranterUniversity of Pula
Lower level organizational unitsFaculty of Philosophy
PlacePula
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineHUMANISTIC SCIENCES
Philology
Croatian Studies
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeCroatian Language and Literature
Academic title abbreviationuniv.bacc.philol.croat.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-22
Parallel abstract (English)
This thesis reveals the social dimension of works written by the Russian realist writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky and novels written by the Croatian realist writer Vjenceslav Novak. The term realism is often used for a literary style describing the matter truthfully by showing characters, everyday activities and life without any idealization. Characters are usually described socially, physically and psychologically. To shape a human character even better, the environment is described in order to understand the character's social condition. The characters are in a relation to nature, to each other, to their social class and to their own past. Both of these realist writers give us a big picture of the whole society, but their focus is on the lower social class. Dostoyevsky places his characters in cheerless and gloomy parts of Saint Petersburg, which is a reflection of their state of mind and their future. Novak places his characters in a small town Senj and in the periphery of Zagreb which is poor and without any perspective. The analysed literary works are Crime and Punishment, The Gambler, The Humilated and Insulted and The Poor, written by Dostoyevsky, as well as Novak's novel The Last Stipančićis and his short story From the Metropolitan Underground. This thesis starts with an explanation of the realism as a literary movement, followed by a short biography of Dostoyevsky and Novak, characterization of the protagonists and environment where the characters are placed. Both of the authors are describing problems of the working class during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. They are describing issues of poverty, prejudice, daily struggles and alcoholism. Their novels are written in a similar way, but Novak in comparison to Dostoyevsky is much more conservative, according to my analysis.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)Fjodor Mihajlovič Dostojevski Vjenceslav Novak siromaštvo bogatstvo neobrazovanje alkoholizam problem kockanja potlačivanje žena
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:137:144709
CommitterVanessa Toić