undergraduate thesis
Psychosomatic disorders of preschool children

Melita Pelicar (2016)
University of Pula
Faculty of Educational Sciences
Metadata
TitlePsihosomatske bolesti djece predškolske dobi
AuthorMelita Pelicar
Mentor(s)Đeni Zuliani (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Glavno obilježje psihosomatskih poremećaja jest prisutnost tjelesnih simptoma bez jasnih organskih uzroka. Mogu prouzročiti bolesna stanja u kojima emocije traže „izlaz“ do tjelesnih organa kompliciranijim putem. Dovode do poteškoća u motoričkom, kognitivnom, socijalnom i emocionalnom funkcioniranju. Stoga, utječu na tjelesni i psihološki aspekt djeteta, njegovu ličnost, međuljudske odnose, socijalizaciju i uspjeh. Neophodno je otkloniti moguće situacije/događaje/konflikte i/ili umanjiti njihov intenzitet, razvijati zaštitne obrambene mehanizme, stvarati pozitivnu sliku o sebi i jačati samopouzdanje kroz poticanje verbalne i neverbalne komunikacije. Predstavljaju dugotrajan i složen proces prepoznavanja i dijagnostike, no samo kod malog broja djece zahtijevaju ozbiljno liječenje i terapiju. Kada se utvrdi svjesnost povezanosti psihičkog i tjelesnog, mogu se početi koristiti tjelesne smetnje kao signal za preopterećenost. Na taj se način lakše usmjeravaju snaga i energija za smanjenje i otklanjanje uzroka. Kvaliteta partnerstva roditelja i odgojno-obrazovnih ustanova temelj je pravovremenog prepoznavanja i zadovoljenja potreba djeteta. Otvorenom i iskrenom komunikacijom gradi se osjećaj povjerenja, razumijevanja, prihvaćanja i sigurnosti. Aktivno i međusobno sudjelovanje oba subjekta u životu i radu djeteta nužno je za proces zdravog rasta, razvoja i otkrivanja mogućih poteškoća u psihosocijalnom i emocionalnom funkcioniranju. Preveliki se napori ulažu u suzbijanju simptoma psihosomatskih bolesti, a premalo u suzbijanju situacija koje dovode do istih.
Keywordschild symptoms factors psychosomatic illness therapy
Parallel title (English)Psychosomatic disorders of preschool children
Committee MembersMarina Diković (committee chairperson)
Đeni Zuliani (committee member)
Iva Blažević (committee member)
GranterUniversity of Pula
Lower level organizational unitsFaculty of Educational Sciences
PlacePula
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineSOCIAL SCIENCES
Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Study programme typeprofessional
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmePreschool Education
Academic title abbreviationbacc. praesc. educ
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-06-01
Parallel abstract (English)
The main characteristic of psychosomatic disorders is the presence of physical symptoms without obvious physical cause. They can cause a state of sickness in which the emotion is looking for an “exit” in a more complicated way, through the organs. This can lead to difficulties in motoric, cognitive, social and emotional functioning. Therefor they affect the child’s physical and psychological aspects, its personality, interpersonal relationships, socialization and success. It is necessary to eliminate possible situations/events/conflicts and/or diminish its intensity, develop protective mechanisms, create positive self-image and improve confidence by encouraging verbal and non-verbal communication. Psychosomatic disorders represent long and complex process of recognition and diagnostic, but only among small number of children they require serious treatment and therapy. When the connection between psychological and physical is established, physical disorders can be used as a signal overload. That way strength and energy can be easily focused on reducing and eliminating the source. The quality of partnership between parents and educational institutions is the foundation for early recognition and satisfying all child’s needs. When communication is open and honest, a sense of trust, understanding, acceptance and security is being built between parties. Active participation of both parties in child’s life is necessary for healthy growth, development and discovery of possible difficulties in psycho-social and emotional functioning. Too much effort has been put into suppressing the symptoms of psychosomatic illness instead of the situations that cause them.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)dijete simptomi čimbenici psihosomatske bolesti terapija
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:137:442271
CommitterAleksandar Ćatić